By Steven Pressman
Usual american citizens.
Fifty blameless Lives.
One Unforgettable Journey.
In early 1939, few american citizens have been puzzling over the darkening typhoon clouds over Europe. Nor did they've got a lot sympathy for the transforming into variety of Jewish households that have been more and more threatened and brutalized through Adolf Hitler's guidelines in Germany and Austria.
But one traditional American couple determined that whatever needed to be performed. regardless of overwhelming obstacles—both in Europe and within the United States—Gilbert and Eleanor Kraus made a daring and remarkable determination to trip into Nazi Germany so one can shop a gaggle of Jewish children.
Fewer than 1,200 unaccompanied youngsters have been allowed into the USA through the whole Holocaust, within which 1.5 million childrens perished. The fifty youngsters stored via the Krauses grew to become out to be the only greatest team of unaccompanied young ones dropped at America.
Drawing from Eleanor Kraus's unpublished memoir, infrequent historic files, and interviews with greater than a dozen of the surviving youngsters, and illustrated with interval pictures, archival fabrics, and memorabilia, 50 childrens is a outstanding story of non-public braveness and successful heroism that provides a clean, special perception right into a serious interval of background.
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Additional info for 50 Children: One Ordinary American Couple's Extraordinary Rescue Mission into the Heart of Nazi Germany
Afterward a Hebrew typewriter was obtained from the University of Barcelona. Jewish soldiers in other battalions complained that there were not enough copies. ” That did not happen. indb 20 4/11/2014 2:48:56 PM Prior to the arrival of Eliezer and his companions, the Botwin Company had taken part in several bitter battles. On February 12–13, 1938, it had been nearly wiped out at the battle of Extremadura. The generous estimates are that 20 out of its 120 soldiers survived, but other accounts say only 12.
Drinking water was always in short supply, and thirst tortured the prisoners even more than hunger. In the entire women’s camp there were only two faucets. 13 Mass extermination began on July 28, 1941, when ss personnel used carbon monoxide to suffocate a group of non-Jewish psychotics. On September 3 a trial run was made using Zyklon B gas. 14 The four crematoria at Birkenau began operating in the summer of 1943, ending the practice of burning the bodies in nearby fields. But this practice was resumed in the summer of 1944, when the annihilation of Hungarian Jewry commenced—the crematoria could not keep up with the output of the adjacent gas chambers.
The camp was built less than a mile and a half from the town, using as its nucleus sixteen one-story structures that had served as a military camp for the Austro-Hungarian army. It was no coincidence that it became the most important of the more than one thousand concentration camps constructed by the Nazis in the lands they occupied in Europe. Its physical and geographic characteristics made it a good choice. It lay in swampland, so the terrain was hard to navigate except on paved roads. The wetlands harbored typhus, malaria, and rheumatic fever.
50 Children: One Ordinary American Couple's Extraordinary Rescue Mission into the Heart of Nazi Germany by Steven Pressman