A Border Dispute: The Place of Logic in Psychology by John Macnamara PDF

By John Macnamara

ISBN-10: 0262132168

ISBN-13: 9780262132169

A Border Dispute integrates the most recent paintings in good judgment and semantics right into a thought of language studying and offers six labored examples of ways that conception revolutionizes cognitive psychology. Macnamara's thesis is determined opposed to the historical past of a clean research of the psychologism debate of the 19th-century, which resulted in the present standoff among good judgment and psychology. The booklet provides psychologism throughout the writings of John Stuart Mill and Immanuel Kant, and its rejection through Gottlob Frege and Edmund Husserl. It then works out the overall thesis that common sense preferably offers a competence thought for a part of human reasoning and explains how logical instinct is grounded in homes of the brain. the subsequent six chapters current examples that illustrate the relevance of common sense to psychology. those difficulties are all within the semantics of kid language (the studying of right names, own pronouns, sortals or universal nouns, quantifiers, and the truth-functional connectives) and mirror Macnamara's wealthy historical past in developmental psychology, really baby language - a box, he issues out, that embraces all of cognition. Technical difficulties raised through yet now not incorporated within the examples by and large a part of the textual content are handled in a separate bankruptcy. The ebook concludes by way of describing legislation in cognitive psychology, or the kind of technological know-how made attainable through Macnamara's new conception. A Bradford publication.

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Extra info for A Border Dispute: The Place of Logic in Psychology

Sample text

I borrow the point from Peter Geach, and it serves to illustrate how logical intuition serves as a check on theorizing. Similar points can easily be made about the logical role of other types of words: sentential connectives (such as not and and), quantifiers (such as all and some), predicates (such as hot and red), sortals (such as dog and bicycle), and so on.  It is with these basic presentations that logic is most confident, and it is these presentations that are the surest guide to the form of logical competence.

1— Logical Competence Is an Abstraction In all the three ways I discussed, logical competence is an abstraction: It abstracts from logical error, from other psychological functioning that accompanies logical thought, and from the specifics of the many devices that could apply the competence.  On those foundations people can build elaborate structures and prove theorems. The foundations must be solid enough to sustain any logic that the human mind can construct and powerful enough to yield any logical theorem that the mind can prove.

In other words, our explanation would then be based on the mind's natural resources—which, Page 33 by the way, is not the same as a reason for judging those inference forms valid.  There is nothing in logic akin to natural languages in the linguistic case.  "Basic logical competence" means something that is common to all nonpathological human minds.  There is also a basic competence in inductive logic that is not nearly so well understood.  The choice indicates no assumption about the relative importance to either psychology or logic of the elements chosen.

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A Border Dispute: The Place of Logic in Psychology by John Macnamara


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