By Mar Van De Mieroop
If the background of the close to East has consistently appeared a bit daunting and complicated, this booklet via the best identified writers at the topic should still exhibit you the sunshine on the finish of the tunnel. starting c.3000 BC with the appearance of the 1st writing process, Van De Mieroop lines the emergence and improvement of a few of the best states and powers, gorgeous towns and significant empires, together with the Babylonian and Hittite kingdoms, the Assyrian and Persian Empires and the conquests of Alexander the nice. Van De Mieroop's revisions for the 2d version target to make the textual content much more available, and contain the very newest learn. "This textual content merits a spot at the cabinets of historical historians and archaeologists, and it'll definitely have delight of position in interpreting lists for classes in Mesopotamian history" - Norman Yoffee.
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Extra resources for A History of the Ancient Near East: ca. 3000-323 BC (2nd Edition)
107. ca. 2500 Archaic Ur Tablets from Fara and Abu Salabikh ca. 2500-2350 Lagash-Urnma border conflict ca. 2400 ca. 2400-2350 Uru'inirngina o f Lagash Bau-temple archive at Girsu ca. 2350 Ebla archives ca. 2800 At the end of the Uruk period, around the year 3100, the far-reaching cultural influence of Babylonia over the Near East waned. There was a reversion to local traditions throughout the region and certain skills, such as writing, became rare outside southern Mesopotamia. In the south itself, however, the written sources increased in number, enabling us to study political and cultural developments in much greater detail than before.
Up from MariYn7 People from western Syria read the same texts as those of southern Iraq. They employed the same scribal practices, shaping their clay tablets similarly, writing the same cuneiform signs, organizing them in the same way on the tablets, and so on. Politically they were separate, however, living in independent city-states. The states in the south were relatively small in territorial extent, while those in the north and in western Syria had a wider expanse. The states competed with one another through military means.
Village life and social organization became the norm again in northern Mesopotamia and Syria. In the Susiana plain, the center at Susa seems to have been taken over by immigrants from the Zagros Mountains. Instead of political fragmentation, as in the north, the region became a state equivalent to what we find in southern Mesopotamia. We call it the proto-Elamite state because it seems to have been the precursor of later political entities in the area. Proto-Elamite culture maintained some Uruk traditions, but adapted them as local ones.
A History of the Ancient Near East: ca. 3000-323 BC (2nd Edition) by Mar Van De Mieroop