By M. Tendahl
A scary new method of how we comprehend metaphors completely evaluating and contrasting the claims made by means of relevance theorists and cognitive linguists. The ensuing hybrid conception indicates the complementarity of many positions in addition to the necessity and chance of attaining a broader and extra real looking conception of our figuring out.
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Additional resources for A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics
What is required is that Mary’s behaviour, usually the making The Relevance-Theory Approach to Metaphor 29 of an utterance, directs Peter’s attention towards the church. The church has been manifest to both of them. The important point to note, however, is that at least one of them must not only have some manifest assumption about that, but a strongly manifest assumption. An assumption that is so strong that Mary has even formed a mental representation of it. Thus, my conclusion is very much in line with Gibbs’ conclusion (1987: 569), in which he argues that Sperber and Wilson ‘are “sneaking” mutual knowledge in the backdoor of their theory of conversational inference by appealing to the idea of mutual cognitive environments which can be manifest but not known’.
Suddenly the referee blows the whistle and Paul realizes that he is offside. Paul most certainly did not assume that he is offside, but after the referee’s whistle this has become not only an assumption of his, but even a known fact. Paul infers from the perceived positions of the other players that he is offside. The point is that Paul’s offside position has been manifest to him all the time, but it has not been an assumption of his all the time. However, using his vision and his inferential abilities it was easy for him to verify his offside position after the referee’s whistle.
Clark and Marshall 1981: 38) Perhaps mutual knowledge as conceived by Clark and Marshall is not that different from mutual manifestness after all. At any rate, it is not manifestness itself which is really interesting, but the potential that both, or all, interlocutors form similar assumptions; in other words, that they coordinate their assumptions. Unless we do not want to write about coincidental circumstances leading to communication, we must insist that at least one of the interlocutors has a mental representation that can serve as the basis for communication.
A Hybrid Theory of Metaphor: Relevance Theory and Cognitive Linguistics by M. Tendahl