By Yves Congar
Father Congar exposes and clarifies the political, cultural, and ecclesiological history to the good schism that divided japanese and Western Christianity within the eleventh century.
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Extra resources for After Nine Hundred Years
31 Indeed, a thesis could be developed on the idea of sovereignty which resulted from it. It also prevailed in the West, at least 16 from POLITICAL FACTORS the Eighth Century onward, first Emperor (from Charlemagne to of of the to the profit all Gregory VII), then rather of the Pope not without claims asserted on the of the temporal monarchs. A great many things in the part history of Christianity may be explained if one keeps this to the profit "unitarian idea" in mind. able. Here we need The instances are almost interest ourselves in these innumer- themes only from the viewpoint of the estrangement, which we will try to understand in its origin and development.
And the clergy maintained of profound spiritual liberty in regard to rite. It has been shown how, even in the second half of the Sixth Century and beyond into the beginnings of the Thirteenth, one passed a kind easily from the East to the West and vice versa, celebrating the mass with the people of any particular place, in their 34 CULTURAL FACTORS 18 language and according to their rubrics. " 19 Surely this of things can be considered a wholesome state pluralism. was, however, spoiled after the Fourth Crusade as a result of Latin domination in the Orient, and the wholly Latinizing policy of Innocent III and Innocent IV.
Dom Byzantium there preof the universal sovereignty of facts to state that The idea that the unity of the King- should be reflected in the Church, in and its the visible was not applied Church were concerned, but it remained as far as in the order was more im- very structure, social features of the entirely mystical of prayer and sacraments. 32 Besides, considering the total Christian world, there was not merely one "unitarian" order but two: therefore, one too many. " gressively expressed in occasional assertions in Canon law in the Eighth to Eleventh in the Thirteenth theology by the Vatican Council.
After Nine Hundred Years by Yves Congar