Read e-book online Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The PDF

By Rijk

ISBN-10: 9004124675

ISBN-13: 9789004124677

This research intends to teach that the ascription of many shortcomings or obscurities to Aristotle is because of the chronic misinterpretation of key notions in his works, together with anachronistic perceptions of assertion making. within the first quantity, released individually (ISBN: 90-04-12324-5), Aristotle's semantics is culled from the Organon. This moment quantity provides Aristotle's ontology of the sublunar global, and will pay targeted recognition to his technique of argument in mild of his semantic perspectives. This e-book is aimed toward all these drawn to historical and Medieval Philosophy, the heritage of good judgment and semantics, and the advance of metaphysics, in addition to classical philologists and theologians.

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Read Online or Download Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua) PDF

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Additional info for Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua)

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E. that which the o t h e r things d e p e n d u p o n a n d in virtue of which they get their designations ('appellations'). 7 4 T h u s metaphysics has to generically 7 5 study of all species of 'what is' the object's causes and principles, while its parts have to study the specific parts of the d o m a i n of metaphysics, all focussing on what-it-is q u a thing-that-is. At 1004a2-9 these subdomains are referred to as the parts of philosophy that are as many as there are ousiai, and the division a n d specialization of first philosophy is c o m p a r e d to mathematics, which also has a primary a n d a secondary discipline, and others successively, within its domain.

G. 'Lysistrata is a woman' and 'Lysistrata is o n e woman' are true, 'Lysistrata is an existing [his italics] woman' is false". 35. In the Greek text the apodosis of the long protasis (1003b22-33) begins here; see Ross ad loc. 82 The word order in the Greek text is the other way round: "of beingness as of oneness". This may be compared to the remarkable sense the phrase Α ούδέν μάλλον ή B (as Latin 'non magis quam') more than once has, viz. Ά as well as B' instead of 'B as well as A'. For this construction see De Rijk (1950), 314-8.

54 Its e x p l a n a t i o n (B 6, 1003a7-17) again c e n t r e s on the c o n c e p t of universality, which is supposed to rule out the notion of 'being ousia' i m m a n e n t in a particular, whereas the identification of an ontic principle with s o m e t h i n g individual would make it unknowable, because epistemonic knowledge of the individual is impossible. T h e passage contains some valuable hints about the nature of semantic analysis: Ibid. 6, 1003a7-17: If they are universal, they will not be ousiai, for no common thing (ούθέν γάρ τών κοινών) signifies a 'this' (τόδε τι) but rather a 'such-and-such' (τοιόνδε), while the ousia is a 'this'.

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Aristotle: Semantics and Ontology, Volume 2: The Metaphysics. Semantics in Aristotle's Strategy of Argument (Philosophia Antiqua) by Rijk


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